ارزیابی احساس تعلق مکانی به محله‌های جدید مسکونی جهت افزایش احساس امنیت نمونه موردی: محله الهیه مشهد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 جغرافیای انسانی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‌ریزی شهری، گروه معماری و شهرسازی موسسه آموزش عالی خاوران، مشهد

3 کارشناسی ارشد معماری، موسسه آموزش عالی ماد، سنندج

چکیده

امنیت پس از نیازهای اولیه، از مهم‌ترین نیازهای مردم محسوب می‌شود. با توجه به توسعه‌های صورت گرفته و بی‌رویه در شهرها و کمبود عناصر هویت‌بخش و همچنین کاهش حس تعلق به محله‌های جدید، مشکلاتی را به وجود آورده است مانند: کاهش میزان احساس امنیت. بر این مبنا ضروری‌ترین اقدام جهت رسیدن به احساس امنیت در سطح محلات مسکونی، تقویت و ارتقا حس تعلق ساکنان به محله است. در این راستا هدف از پژوهش حاضر، تحلیل میزان احساس امنیت با تأکید بر تأثیر معیارهای حس تعلق مکانی در محله الهیه شهر مشهد است. روش تحقیق از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی بوده و از منابع کتابخانه‌ای- اسنادی و توزیع پرسشنامه بین ساکنان محله الهیه جهت گردآوری اطلاعات استفاده‌شده است. حجم نمونه نیز با توجه به جمعیت محله و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار PASS، 397 نفر برآورد شده است؛ داده‌های گردآوری شده نیز با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS تجزیه‌وتحلیل شده‌اند. نتیجه‌های تحقیق نشان می‌دهند که احساس امنیت در سطح محله الهیه پایین بوده و حس تعلق ضعیفی میان ساکنین محله برقرار است. در این راستا معیارهای مؤثر بر تقویت حس تعلق مکانی جهت افزایش احساس امنیت به محله مورد تحلیل قرارگرفته‌اند و با آزمون فریدمن، رتبه‌بندی شدند. در نهایت معیارهای وضعیت معلوم بودن مرز محله، میزان خاطرات و مشارکت ساکنان و همچنین میزان هویت در محله، بر کاهش احساس امنیت محله تأثیرگذار هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The analysis of the impact of the sense of place attachment to new residential neighborhoods on an increasing sense of security Case study: Elahieh neighborhood of Mashhad

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Hataminejad 1
  • Amirreza Rezayee Gorgani 2
  • Fereshteh Rahimi 3
1 Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Master of Urban Planning, Architecture and urban planning Group, Khavaran institute of higher education, Mashhad
3 Master of Architecture, Sanandaj Mad Institute
چکیده [English]

Security is one of the most important needs of people after basic needs. Due to the unnecessary developments in cities and the lack of identifying elements as well as the decrease in the sense of attachment to new neighborhoods, it has created problems, such as reduced levels of security. Therefore, the most necessary action to achieve a sense of security at the residential level is to strengthen and enhance the sense of attachment to the neighborhood. The purpose of this present study has to analyze the feeling of security by emphasizing the influence of sense of place attachment in Elahieh neighborhood of Mashhad. The research method is descriptive-analytical and library-documentary sources and questionnaire distribution among residents of Elahieh neighborhood used for data collection. Sample size estimated to be 397 according to the neighborhood population using PASS software. The results of the study show that the feeling of security is low in the neighborhood of Elahieh and there is a weak sense of belonging among the residents. In this regard, measures affecting the sense of attachment to increase the sense of security in the neighborhood have been analyzed and ranked by Friedman test. Finally, measures of neighborhood boundary status, reminiscences and participation of residents, as well as neighborhood identity, are effective in reducing neighborhood security.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sense of security
  • Sense of place attachment
  • Elahieh neighborhood
  • Mashhad
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