بررسی جایگاه مناطق قبیله ای فدرال پاکستان در تثبیت بحران امنیتی منطقه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانش آموخته دکترا جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، گروه جغرافیا، تهران، ایران

10.22034/gahr.2021.274807.1510

چکیده

مناطق قبیله ای فدرال پاکستان برای قدرتهای صنعتی فرامنطقه ای یک خلاء موثر امنیتی در مسیر مبادلات تجاری شرق به غرب جهان جهت نظارت بر عملکرد چین و روسیه و کشورهای جنوب شرق آسیا به عنوان غول های تجاری- صنعتی، همچنین کنترل بر ذخایر معدنی و مسیرهای ترانزیت انرژی، شناخته می شود. دراین مقاله با روش تحلیلی-توصیفی ضمن پاسخ به این پرسش که جایگاه مناطق قبیله ای فدرال پاکستان در گسترش بحران امنیتی در منطقه چگونه ارزیابی می شود به این نتیجه می رسیم که مناطق قبیله ای فدرال به دلیل خلاء های قانونی ناشی از عدم نظارت دولت مرکزی و تام الاختیار بودن روسای قبایل در فرایندهای حقوقی، بستر مساعد برای نگهداری، رشد، پرورش و آموزش گروههای رادیکالیسم اسلامی به عنوان بازوهای فوق العاده موثر قدرتهای صنعتی برای اجرای طرح های اقتصادی-امنیتی ایجاد کرده است، که این موضوع می تواند ناامنی و بی ثباتی بوجود آورد و بحران امنیتی در منطقه را گسترش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Position of the Pakistani Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Stabilizing the Region’s Security Crisis

نویسنده [English]

  • mariam verij kazemi
PhD Student in Political Geography, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Geography, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Assessing the Position of the Pakistani Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Stabilizing the Region’s Security Crisis
Pakistani tribal areas is an effective security vacuum for extra-regional industry in the East-West trade route to monitor the performance of china, Russia and Southeast Asia as trade –industrial giants, as well as control over mineral reserves and transit routes. Also energy is known there. In this article, using descriptive –analytical method, while answering the question of how the position of Pakistan Federal Tribal Areas in the spread of security crisis in the region is evaluated, we conclude that federal tribal areas due to legal gaps, lack of central government supervision and the full authority of tribal leaders in legal processes has created a favorable environment for the maintenance, growth, upbringing and training of Islamic radical groups as highly effective arms of the industrial powers implement economic-security plans, which can lead to insecurity and insecurity. They created stability and expanded the security crisis in the region.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Federal Tribal Areas of Pakistan
  • Islamic Radicalism
  • economic strategy
  • Afghanistan
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