بررسی زمینه های همکاری و پیوند برنامه ریزی شهری و بهداشت عمومی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

با وجود آن که بهداشت عمومی و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، با هدف مشترک جلوگیری از شیوع بیماری‌ها و معضلات شهری به وجود آمدند، اما در حال حاضر پیوند‌ها و ارتباطات واقعی این دو عرصه علمی، بسیار اندک و محدود می‌باشد. جدایی و انزوای این دو رشته مشکلات متعددی را در پی داشته است. یکی از مهمترین آنها، عدم موفقیت رشته های فوق، در رفع مشکلات روزمره مردم است. یکی دیگر از پیامدهای مهم این جدایی، عدم تشخیص و درک رابطه بین محیط ساخته شده و بهداشت است. مشکلی که اکثراً به فقرا مربوط است و این گروه از پیامدهای واقعی آن متضرر می شوند. هدف این مقاله، بررسی پیوندهای تاریخی بین دو رشته برنامه ریزی شهری و بهداشت عمومی است. در ادامه سعی می‌کند تنگناهایی که بعداً بوجود آمده است را مشخص نماید. این بررسی‌ها در نهایت چالش‌هایی که در ارتباط با پیوند این رشته ها وجود دارد را تشخبصص و با شناسایی عوامل بوجود آورنده این جدایی، پیشنهاد‌هایی به منظور نزدیکی هر چه بیشتر این زمینه ها بر مبنای نظریه اجتماعی- زیستی و عدالت زیست محیطی عرضه می‌کند. در نهایت، این مجموعه چارچوب اولیه را برای پیوند دو باره این رشته‌ها در اختیار قرار می دهد. چارچوبی که بهتر می‌تواند مشکلات بهداشتی و برنامه‌ریزی شهری را مرتفع نماید. از آنجا که بیشترین مشکلات بهداشتی و برنامه‌ریزی در محلات فقیر و حاشیه‌ها دیده می‌شود، این پیوند بیشترین آثار را در این بخش به ارمغان خواهد‌آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Areas of Cooperation and Linkage of Urban Planning and Public Health

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rostam saberifar
  • elahe vafaei bagh siyahi
Payam e- Noor Yniversity
چکیده [English]

Although public health and urban planning have been created with the common purpose of preventing the spread of diseases and urban disasters, the realties and connections of these two fields are now very little and limited. Separation and isolation of these two disciplines have caused many problems. One of the most important of these has been the failure of the above disciplines to solve the daily problems of people. Another important consequence of this separation is the lack of recognition and understanding of the relationship between the built environment and health. This problem is most often related to the poor and this group suffers from its real consequences. The purpose of the present article is to study the historical links between the two areas of urban planning and public health. It then tries to identify the bottlenecks that have arisen later on. These investigations ultimately recognize the challenges associated with the linkage of these disciplines, and by identifying the factors that create this separation, suggestions are made to bring these areas closer on the basis of socio-biological theory and environmental justice. Eventually, this set provides the initial framework for a two-way link between these disciplines; a framework that can better address health problems and urban planning. Since most of the health and planning problems are encountered in poor neighborhoods and margins, this link will bring the most effects in this section.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • public health
  • Urban planning
  • disease prevalence
  • urban problems
  • margins
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