عنوان مقاله [English]
The country of Iraq is, above all, the creation of trans-national geopolitical politics, so its leaders have always faced the challenge of creating an inclusive national identity, using only the hard tools. The most important identity and threatening crisis in the country is the Kurdish diverging north of the country. Independence of the Kurds as a phenomenon at the sub-national level, which has played a role on a large scale from local to global, has not materialized for various geopolitical reasons; this is due to the multilevel influence of the active forces of the geopolitical system Global and regional as well as geopolitical factors and elements influence the behavior of the Iraqi government at the national level and the Kurds at the local and sub-national level, which all of them are unlikely to move in the direction of the Kurdish cause.
This article analytically analyzes the geopolitical reasons of the failure to establish a Kurdish state in northern Iraq, and which level of influence has had the most impact on the levels. The findings of the researcher indicate the high sensitivity of this region and the role of all actors at various levels from micro to macro, due to the fragile geopolitical characteristics of the Middle East, the intersection of the interests of great powers and the geostrategic position of this region. The results of the research indicate that the role of local factors in Kurdish failure to achieve independence is more influential, although this does not mean that other levels of influence affect the events of this region are not very important.