ارزیابی ارتقا سلامت روان در فضاهای رهاشده ی شهری با محوریت شکل گیری شهر سالم مطالعه موردی : شهر مشهد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1- استادیارگروه شهرسازی ، دانشکده هنر و معماری ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد ، مشهد ، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای شهرسازی ،گروه شهرسازی ، دانشکده هنر و معماری ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد ، ایران

چکیده

یکی از محورهای ارزیابی سلامت جوامع مختلف، بهداشت روان آن جامعه است. بی شک سلامت ِ روان، نقش مهمی در تضمین پویایی وکار آمدی هر جامعه ایفا می کند. با شکل گیری فضاهای رها شده ی شهری در واقع نوعی زوال درون شهری بوجود می آید و مقارن است با رشد گسترش شهر در نواحی حاشیه ای ، عدم توجه به این موضوع می تواند بیش از پیش پراکنده رویی شهری را افزایش داده و روند توسعه شهر را ناپایدار سازند و سلامت روان جامعه را در یادگیری و تعاملات اجتماعی به خطر اندازد و عملکرد و بازدهی افراد تحت تأثیر قرار می گیرد. تحقیق حاضر از نوع تحقیقات کیفی بوده و روش تحقیق مورد استفاده توصیفی- تحلیلی می باشد. با توجه به موضوع مورد بررسی جمع آوری اطلاعات به دو شیوه اسنادی و پیمایشی بوده است، به این صورت که مبانی نظری، شاخص های بررسی شده و داده های سرشماری به صورت اسنادی و کتابخانه ای جمع آوری شده است و به منظور بررسی شاخص ها در کلانشهر مشهد، داده های مورد نیاز از شیوه های پیمایش میدانی شامل برداشت میدانی، مصاحبه با شهروندان گردآوری شده است برای .ارزیابی از روش HIA بهره گرفته شده است نتایج تحقیق نشان می دهد : سیاست HIA لازم به توضیح است که با اینکه اغلب ارزیابی اثرات سلامت در سطح پروژه ها انجام می شود، سیاست های کلی تر از قبیل استخدام، تجارت، آموزش و سیاست های استراتژیک طراحی مکانی برای ارزیابی اثرات سلامت روان می تواند استفاده شود. هدف سیاست های ارزیابی اثرات سلامت از طرف دیگر، جلو گیری از آسیب های اجتماعی و افزایش فرصت هایی برای بهبود سلامتی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Mental Health Promotion in Abandoned Urban Areas Focusing on the Formation of a Healthy City Case Study: Mashhad City

نویسندگان [English]

  • sanaz saeidi 1
  • amir golrou 2
1 phd
2 amir
چکیده [English]

One of the pillars of health assessment of various communities is the mental health of that community. Undoubtedly mental health plays an important role in ensuring the dynamics and efficiency of each community. With the formation of urban abandoned spaces, there is actually a kind of inner-city decline, which coincides with the growth of the city's expansion in marginal areas, the lack of attention to this issue can increase the more dispersed urban prevalence and increase the urban development process Unstable, and endangers the mental health of the community in learning and social interactions, and affects the performance and efficiency of individuals. The present research is a qualitative research method and the research method is descriptive-analytic. Regarding the subject, data collection has been conducted in two documentary and survey methods, in which the theoretical foundations, survey indicators and census data were collected in documentary and libraries, and in order to examine the indicators in Mashhad metropolitan area, the required data are collected from field surveying techniques including field surveys, interviews with citizens. An evaluation of the HIA method has been used. The results of the research show that HIA policy needs to be explained that, although the impact assessment is often Health is done at the project level, with more general policies such as employment, trade, education and policies Design's strategic location can be used to assess the effects of mental health. The goal of health impact assessment policies on the other hand is to prevent social harm and increase opportunities for improving health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • HIA
  • Abandoned Urban Spaces
  • healthy City
  • mental health
  • Mashhad City
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