عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the growth of urbanization and the proliferation of cars in many developing countries has led to an increase in the density and rate of traffic accidents in the urban road network, which are not designed to pass this volume and type of traffic. Weaknesses in the proper maintenance of roads and passages and the existence of incorrectly designed intersections have caused serious problems in the safety of the urban road network. Also, non-observance of the hierarchy of the space organization and lack of attention to the distribution and distribution of urban land uses in cities, especially metropolises, causes unrest within urban neighborhoods and inadvertently draws transit traffic to the center of these neighborhoods. Accordingly, the purpose of this article is to identify traffic challenges and the role of management in promoting traffic safety in urban thoroughfares and public transportation by descriptive-analytical method. To achieve this goal, a general study of the main causes and factors of traffic challenges in cities from the perspective of officials and citizens, and finally, practical suggestions were presented in order to organize this problem in metropolises. The results show that an important factor to motivate people and in return to develop and improve the quality of urban services and improve traffic safety in urban roads and public transport and thus organize traffic. And the more this satisfaction is among the citizens, the more their cooperation with various institutions will be in order to better perform their duties and provide services in the city. It can be said that using global experiences and having short-term and long-term approaches to urban transportation issues, while creating human-centered infrastructure, improving the quality of urban life and citizens' lives with the focus on improving urban performance can be a useful approach.