عنوان مقاله [English]
The mutual relations between the city and the village are strong and stable characteristics that are formed according to the conditions and factors involved in it and are not the same in different geographical areas. In the meantime, the formation and evolution of suburban settlements is based on a set of factors and forces that are affected by the interaction and relationship of role-playing areas with each other. Therefore, the present study pursues its goal by examining the factors affecting the spatial-spatial evolution of the surrounding rural settlements. The nature of applied research and its view is descriptive-analytical. The information required in this research has been collected in two ways: library and field. Statistical tests of SPSS software were used for analysis. The results show that numerous and intertwined factors that are related to the process of economic globalization have caused changes in the functioning of rural settlements and changes in the suburban area. Polarization and quasi-modern bureaucratic system of development management, economic integration, health technology and population growth, land reform and spatial population movements, major economic oil surplus and degradation of agriculture, industrialization and non-competition of traditional agricultural sector, development of technology and communications These are the factors. Among the most important factors at the national level are the influx of oil revenues in the city, mortgages and low land prices around the center in the social sector, the proximity of villages to urban space in terms of access, increase And instruments in the physical dimension. It is also noteworthy that in the ranking of factors, the economic dimension has played the most role with 4.21 percent.