عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper presents the earthquake disaster management in Japan. General disaster management has been promoted in an integrated and well-planned manner by the central, prefectural and municipal governments, and public utilities in their capacity according to Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act. In addition, building and improvement of facilities of high priority which help reduce damage by earthquakes have been promoted according to 5 year plans based on Act on Special Measures for Earthquake Disaster Countermeasures to prepare for earthquakes that occur anywhere at any time.
On the other hand, countermeasures have been formulated individually against devastating large-scale earthquakes. One of the example is TOKYO Inland Earthquakes, which is outlined in detail. There have been some developments in earthquake disaster management policy for TOKYO Inland Earthquakes. Following, policy framework, (Earthquake Disaster Reduction Strategy and Guidelines for Emergency Response Activities, Specific Plan for Emergency Response Activities) was formulated by Central Disaster Management Council (CDMC) chaired by the prime minister. Specific measures for massive evacuees and the stranded generated by TOKYO Inland Earthquakes were also formulated and proposed measures have been further considered and pursued.
Current situation of several other initiatives are also outlined in this paper such as building quake-proofing, Early Earthquake Warning (EEW) and Disaster Management Information System.