عنوان مقاله [English]
Land reform, as one of the principles of the White Revolution during the second Pahlavi period, overshadowed the conditions of the rural economy and the structure of tribes and nomads. In the meantime, the Mamasani tribal structure underwent intra-tribal changes and the ground was paved for the role of rural production cooperatives, farmers and other social forces in the rural economy. Under these circumstances, the village of Gachgaran, located in the central part of Mamasani county and the center of first Bakhsh, experienced more and more economic transformation and expressed itself in economic developments. Therefore, the question is what effect has the land reform had on the economy of Gachgaran village in the central part of Mamasani county? The present research is of applied type and the research method is descriptive-analytical. The required data were collected through documentary and field methods (interview and observation). The results of the studies showed that land reform, while swaying in the Mamasani tribal structure, transformed the rural economy of Gachgaran (civil engineering, animal husbandry, horticulture, agriculture, handicrafts and production workshops), so that transformation the economic development of this rural settlement has accelerated with the occurrence of the Islamic Revolution and the implementation of rural development programs until 1400, and agriculture and small production units have been taken care of by the residents more than livestock.