عنوان مقاله [English]
How to draw the vote towards the geography of support is the main issue of the election campaign, and the concern of the campaign strategists, the first-class advisers of the election candidates. The geography of the body means the integrated and functional environment of the body, so that every member/region affects the target society/voters and political power is gained. Before being portrayed through tools, candidates enrich the political elite because they are the main agents. Historically, until now in the developed societies of Switzerland, Finland, Norway, New Zealand, Australia, the Netherlands, parties' election campaigns, in European and / American democracies, the competition of wealthy political persons and purchasing tools in the form of participation, in Asian / African quasi-democracies. Local nationalism is the essence of election campaigns and political power is gained. Parties have an awareness aspect, individuals have a political aspect, nationalism has a historical/social aspect. Awareness has provided development, individuals, competition and nationalism have created pluralism for these geographical spaces. In terms of the development/theoretical/geographical process, the Michigan school of social psychology through party identity, the Columbia school of sociology theory through social construction, and the Rochester school of economic theory of democracy through optimal and profitable decision-making. It has been suggested that the environment itself is the individual and the heart of this individual/political person is the center of the election campaign. Each of the body's environments, having a member that has a special individual and social function, forms the content of headquarters and election campaigns. The question is what is the geography of the body and how it leads to the victory of the candidates in the election contests. The research method is qualitative and argumentative and inferential.